OCCRI Researchers

Title: Professor
Name: Scott Bridgham
Institution: University of Oregon
Department: Center for Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Education:



Research Theme: Questions that I focus on include: * What are the underlying controls over rates of carbon and nutrient cycling, and how do anthropogenic perturbations interact with these underlying controls? I am particularly interested in rates under anaerobic conditions and factors that control the emission of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, in wetlands. * Can ecosystems be restored to provide similar functions as natural ecosystems, and what is the role of plant community structure and succession in achieving successful restorations? * Climate change is a pervasive, on-going anthropogenic perturbation of natural ecosystems. How will it impact carbon and nutrient cycling, fire, and plant community structure in ecosystems as diverse as northern peatlands and prairies and oak savanna?

Research Fields:

Biogeochemistry
Carbon Footprint Analysis
Ecology and Ecosystem Management

Professional Activities:

Editorial Board of the Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1994 – 1997.

Editorial Board of Wetlands, 1997 – 2000.

Editorial Board of Biogeochemistry, 2004 – current.

Leader of Minnesota peatlands site in the initiative Terrestrial Ecosystem Response to Atmospheric and Climate Change (TERACC), under the auspices of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP).

Chair of the Division S-10, Wetland Soils, of the Soil Science Society of America, 2001 – 2002.

Selected Publications:

Weltzin, J. F., J. Pastor, C. Harth, S. D. Bridgham, K. Updegraff, and C. T. Chapin. 2000. Response of bog and fen plant communities to warming and water-table manipulations. Ecology 81: 3464-3478.

Updegraff, K., S. D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, P. Weishampel, and C. Harth. 2001. Response of CO2 and CH4 emissions in peatlands to warming and water-table manipulation. Ecological Applications11: 311-326.

Pastor, J., J. Solin, S. D. Bridgham, K. Updegraff, C. Harth, P. Weishampel, and B. Dewey. 2003. Global warming and the export of dissolved organic carbon from boreal peatlands. Oikos 100: 380-386.

Kellogg, C. H., S. D. Bridgham, and S. A. Leicht. 2003. Effects of water level, shade and time on germination and growth of freshwater marsh plants along a simulated successional gradient. Journal of Ecology 91:274-282.

Vile, M. A.#, S. D. Bridgham, R. K. Wieder, and M. Novák. 2003. Atmospheric sulfur deposition alters pathways of gaseous carbon production in peatlands. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17:1058-1064.